Received 29/07/2021
DOI: 10.35556/idr-2021-3(96)48-54
The effect of various modifiers on the course of periodontitis

Redinova T.L.1, ORCID:, Chikurova E.V.2, Perevoshchikova D.K.1, Stepanova E.P.1,, Petrova A.P.1
1 Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education Izhevsk State Medical Academy of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation, 426034, Izhevsk, Russia;
2 BUZ UR “Sarapul City Dental Clinic No. 1 of the Ministry of Health of the Udmurt Republic”, Sarapul, Russia

The purpose of the work is to establish the degree of influence of various modifiers on the course of chronic generalized periodontitis.
We examined 83 periodontal patients. During the ex-amination, in addition to the obligatory volume, data on somatic burden and dependence on smoking were in-cluded with the determination of the number of cigarettes smoked per day. Bleeding of the gums was determined in the area of all teeth. To determine the rate of progres-sion of periodontitis on the basis of orthopantomogram data, an indirect indicator was calculated — the de-crease in the alveolar bone in relation to the patient’s age.
It was established by the research that the modeling of periodontitis, with an identical hygienic state of the oral cavity of patients, is affected by concomitant somat-ic pathology, especially diabetes mellitus, making the course of periodontitis worse; and also a bad habit — smoking, which contributes to more pronounced vascu-lar changes in the periodontium in patients with clinical manifestations of periodontitis.
Recommendations are given to take into account the concomitant pathology of internal organs and the degree of dependence of patients on tobacco smoking when planning periodontal treatment, in order to correct these risk factors and motivate the patient to cooperate with a doctor.

Keywords: periodontitis, somatic burden, smoking.

For citation: Redinova T.L., Chikurova E.V., Perevoshchikova D.K., Stepanova E.P., Petrova A.P. Влияние различных модификаторов на течение пародонтита. Stomatology for All / Int. Dental Review. 2021, no.3(96): 48-54(In Russian). doi: 10.35556/idr-2021-3(96)48-54

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