Received 14.12.2022
DOI: 10.35556/idr-2023-2(103)16-20
Determination of the type of xerostomia in various somatic diseases

Mokhnacheva S.B., ORCID ID: 0000-0002-3133-0227, Karimova D.A., ORCID ID: 0000-0001-5318-8172
Federal State Budgetary Educational Institution of Higher Education “Izhevsk State Medical Academy” of the Ministry of Healthcare of the Russian Federation
Russia, 426034, Izhevsk, Kommunarov St., 281

E-mail address:

The article presents the results of a comprehensive study of patients to determine the type of xerostomia (true or false xerostomia) in somatic diseases — diabetes mellitus, peptic ulcer disease, hypertension. Xerostomia and hyposalivation were detected in varying degrees in these diseases in patients with complaints of dry mouth. In diabetes mellitus dry mouth was observed in all patients, in peptic ulcer disease and hypertension the number of patients with complaints of xerostomia was almost 2 times less. Decreased salivation rate, significant increase in surface tension and viscosity of mixed saliva in diabetic patients created conditions for the development of sialostasis, which manifested as complaints of periodic tumescent pain, periodic inflammatory salivary glands.

Keywords: diabetes mellitus, peptic ulcer disease, hypertension, xerostomia, hyposalivation, surface tension, salivation rate, salivary acidity, salivary viscosity.

For citation: Mokhnacheva S.B., Karimova D.A. Determination of the type of xerostomia in various somatic diseases. Stomatology for All / Int. Dental Review. 2023, no.2(103): 16-20 (In Russian). doi: 10.35556/idr-2023-2(103)16-20


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