Received 31.07.2021
DOI: 10.35556/idr-2021-4(97)46-52
The full cycle of digitalization and automation in dental practice
Studenikin R.V., Dental clinic “Vash Stomatolog”, ORCID: 0000-0002-6251-2007
Russia, 394038, Voronezh, Blvd. Pionerov, 17B
Mamedov A.A., I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, ORCID: 0000-0001-7257-0991
Russia, 121059, Moscow, St. Mozhaiskii Val, 11

Е-mail address:,

According to the literature, was made overview of the current state of development of CAD/CAM technology: the optical and mechanical scanners used, software, methods of implementing production technology, milling devices, materials used, features of dental preparation.
The technology of full digitalization of dental restoration proposed by the authors is described in detail including all stages from computer-aided design to the production of dentures. The technique has been tested on 20 patients.
The conclusions note the competitive advantages of the technology used and its existing disadvantages.

Keywords: CAD/CAM technology, intraoral scanning, digitalization in dentistry.

For citation: Studenikin R.V., Mamedov A.A. The full cycle of digitalization and automation in dental practice. Stomatology for All / Int. Dental Review. 2021, no.4(97): 46-52 (In Russian). doi: 10.35556/idr-2021-4(97)46-52

1. Logozzo S., Zanetti E.M., Franceschini G., Kilpela A., Makynen A. Recent advances in dental optics–Part I: 3D intraoral scanners for restorative dentistry. Optics and Lasers in Engineering. 2014, 54: 203—221. doi: 10.1016/j.optlaseng.2013.07.017
2. Stomatov A.V., Stomatov D.V., Ivanov P.V., Marchenko V.V,, Piitsky E.V., Umarataev S.U. Comparative characteristics of provisional crowns made by CAD/CAM milling and 3D printing. Stomatology for All / Int. Dental Review. 2020, no.2(91): 45—49. doi: 10.35556/idr-2020-2(91)45-49 (In Russian)
3. Osman R.B., Alharbi N., Wismeijer D. Build angle: does it influence the accuracy of 3D-printed dental restorations using digital light-processing technology? International Journal of Prosthodontics. 2017, 30(2): 182—188. DOI: 10.11607/ijp.5117
4. Santos R.L.P., Silva F.S., Nascimento R.M., Souza J.C.M., Motta F.V., Carvalho O., Henriques B. Shear bond strength of veneering porcelain to zirconia: Effect of surface treatment by CNC-milling and composite layer deposition on zirconia. Journal of the mechanical behavior of biomedical materials. 2016, 60: 547—556. doi: 10.1016/j.jmbbm.2016.03.015
5. Cheng C.W., Yang C.C., Yan M. Bond strength of heat-pressed veneer ceramics to zirconia with various blasting conditions. Journal of dental sciences. 2018, 13(4), 301—310. doi: 10.1016/j.jds.2018.03.002
6. Silva N.R., Witek L., Coelho P.G., Thompson V.P., Rekow E.D., Smay J. Additive CAD/CAM process for dental prostheses. Journal of Prosthodontics: Implant, Esthetic and Reconstructive Dentistry. 2011, 20(2): 93—96. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-849X.2010.00623.x
7. Silva L.H.D., Lima E.D., Miranda R.B.D.P., Favero S.S., Lohbauer U., Cesar P.F. Dental ceramics: a review of new materials and processing methods. Brazilian oral research. 2017, 31(1): 133—146. doi: 10.1590/1807-3107BOR-2017.vol31.0058
8. Afsharzand Z., Rashedi B., Petropoulos, V.C. Communication between the dental laboratory technician and dentist: work authorization for fixed partial dentures. Journal of Prosthodontics: Implant, Esthetic and Reconstructive Dentistry. 2006, 15(2): 123—128. doi: 10.1111/j.1532-849X.2006.00086.x
9. Beuer F., Schweiger J., Edelhoff D. Digital dentistry: an overview of recent developments for CAD/CAM generated restorations. British dental journal. 2008, 204(9), 505—511. doi: 10.1038/sj.bdj.2008.350
10. Shenoy V.K., Prabhu M.B. Computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing in dentistry — Future is present. Journal of Interdisciplinary Dentistry. 2015, 5(2): 60—64. doi: 10.4103/2229-5194.17322
11. Yau H.T., Yang T.J., Lin Y.K. Comparison of 3-D printing and 5-axis milling for the production of dental e-models from intra-oral scanning. Computer-aided design and applications. 2016, 13(1): 32—38. doi: 10.1080/16864360.2015.1059186
12. Tidehag P., Shen Z. Digital dentistry calls the change of ceramics and ceramic processes. Advances in Applied Ceramics. 2019, 118(1—2): 83—90.
13. Bajraktarova-Valjakova E., Korunoska-Stevkovska V., Kapusevska B., Gigovski N., Bajraktarova-Misevska C., Grozdanov A. Contemporary dental ceramic materials, a review: chemical composition, physical and mechanical properties, indications for use. Open access Macedonian journal of medical sciences. 2018, 6(9): 1742—1755. doi: 10.3889/oamjms.2018.378
14. Arnold C., Hey J., Schweyen R., Setz J.M. Accuracy of CAD-CAM-fabricated removable partial dentures. The Journal of prosthetic dentistry. 2018, 119(4): 586—592. doi: 10.1016/j.prosdent.2017.04.017
15. Al-Aali K.A., Alhamdan R.S., Maawadh A.M., Vohra F., Abduljabbar T. Influence of contemporary CAD-CAM milling systems on the fit and adaptation of partially stabilized Zirconia fixed partial dentures. Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences. 2021, 37(1): 45—51. doi: 10.12669/pjms.37.1.3490
16. Prpic V., Schauperl Z., Catic A., Dulxix N., Cimic S. Comparison of Mechanical Properties of 3D Printed, CAD/CAM, and Conventional Denture Base Materials. Journal of Prosthodontics. 2020, 29(6): 524—528.
17. Arslan M., Murat S., Alp G., Zaimoglu A. Evaluation of flexural strength and surface properties of prepolymerized CAD/CAM PMMA-based polymers used for digital 3D complete dentures. International Journal of Computerized Dentistry. 2018, 21(1): 31—40.
18. Pantazi A., Totu E.E., Dorobantu D., Cristache C.M., Enachescu M. Poly (methyl metacrylate) nanocomposites for two-piece CAD/CAM solution as an alternative to monolithic removable prosthesis. Materiale Plastice. 2018, 55(4): 634—639. doi:10.37358/MP.18.4.5091
19. Sulaiman T.A. Materials in digital dentistry — A review. Journal of Esthetic and Restorative Dentistry. 2020, 32(2): 171—181.
20. Roth I., Czigola A., Joos-Kov?cs G.L., Dalos M., Hermann P., Borbely J. Learning curve of digital intraoral scanning–an in vivo study. BMC oral health. 2020, 20(1): 1—7.
21. Strain K.J., Mackie J., Bonsor S.J., Macfarlane T.V. Crown taper angles achieved by dental students: a systematic review. Journal of dental education. 2018, 82(11): 1203-1212. DOI: 10.21815/JDE.018.125
22. Buduru S., Culic B., Talmaceanu D., Pal A. A comparative study of the accuracy of five CAD-CAM systems. Medicine and pharmacy reports. 2019, 92(2): 185—191. doi: 10.15386/cjmed-1131